The fashion industry is a leader in human rights violations and environmental abuses.
In this article we tell you about some of the barbarities that occur at different points in the chain of making the garments that we wear daily, what is hidden behind the relocation of textile factories and how people who have touched your clothes live before May it come to you, because even if we don't like it, only by knowing the truth can we make things change.
1. A crop that kills
The cultivation of cotton is one of the most polluting crops on the planet, 25% of the total pesticides used in the world are used in this crop, and among them are some of the most dangerous for humans. Thus causing serious diseases not only to farmers and field workers, but to all the communities that live near these fields.
2. With child labor
Children are in great demand in these fields because of what they call their “light fingers”, which are highly valued by farmers, both when it comes to harvesting and manually pollinating transgenic plants. It involves manual work, long hours in the sun and direct contact with transgenic plants and highly toxic pesticides.
3. Either they take it, or they leave it
In countries like Bangladesh, China or Turkey, there is no shortage of factories that can do the job. On the contrary, the competition is enormous and multinationals know how to take advantage of it. That is the deal, they are presented with a job, an order for x number of garments, and a deadline, or delivery date, along with a budget that is generally far from being able to cover the "minimum" salary of the people who will carry out the work. And that easy, they either take it or leave it. For factories, quitting is not an option, as they would be left without jobs and future assignments. So they sign the contract with all its conditions.
4. Infinite days without voice or vote
In this way, overnight they have a stratospheric order with an expiration date to be fulfilled without the possibility of delay. The working hours are lengthened everything necessary to be able to deliver the packages on time. Each and every employee is obliged to work the required hours, whether it is 14 or 16 hours a day, often behind closed doors. There is no option, it only matters to arrive on time, and thus, ensure a next order.
5. Salaries that do not cover minimums
The salaries of the majority of employees of these factories do not reach 80 euros a month. We are talking about less than 4 euros a day, for days that too often exceed 10 hours a day. It is true that in these countries the cost of living is cheaper, but that salary is far from being sufficient to cover the most basic needs, which has very serious consequences for them and their families.
6. Cycle of poverty and broken families
Children alone, out of school, children working and begging on the street. The feedback of the cycle of poverty. The money that comes home is not enough to pay for their children's education, clothes for them, food for everyone. Many families are forced to send their children back to their hometown in rural areas, where they will live with their grandparents until they are old enough to work, and seeing them only a few times a year. Thus creating the new generation of employees, who are starting out younger and younger.
7. Tinting the region
Today all garments go through a dyeing process, which not only endangers the lives of workers, but also that of the surrounding ecosystems. Factories pour thousands of toxic products in liquid form. These dyes resist light, high temperatures, washing, detergents and turn the waters of the surrounding rivers into the favorite color of the collection of that season, and highly polluted and very dangerous substances. Often locals use it for drinking or as irrigation water for crops, with no other source of water to source.
Widespread environmental abuses, the most basic human rights violations, all to be able to dress in style here, and paying as little as possible. And is that if we do not pay it, there is someone behind who is paying it, and at very expensive prices.